Canada is a North American country. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Geographically, Canada is the world`s second-largest country. It consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces are jurisdictions that receive their power and authority directly from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territories derive their mandates and powers from the federal government. Canada is a federal state governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. Being a democratic constitutional monarchy, Canada’s head of State is the Sovereign and the head of Government is an elected Prime Minister. Canada’s federal system of parliamentary government means that the government responsibilities and functions are shared between federal, provincial and territorial governments.
The country is officially bilingual with English and French as its official languages. It has a population of approximately 35 million as of 2013.
Canada is a developed country. Canada’s advanced economy is one of the largest in the world. It has the ninth highest per capita income globally, and the 11th highest ranking in human development. Subsequently, Canada ranks among the highest in international measurements of education, government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, and economic freedom. Canada is a recognized middle power and a member of many international institutions, including the G7, G8, G20, NATO, NAFTA, OECD, WTO, Commonwealth of Nations, Francophonie, OAS, APEC, and the United Nations.
Life in Canada
“Best Country in the World to Live in”(as frequently ranked by international surveys)
One of the top ten tourist destinations in the world
Canada offers many choices to the world travellers. Canada offers a range of activities and experiences such as skiing, snowboarding, hiking, spelunking or tasting exceptional cuisine, and experiencing the 4 distinct seasons. Western Canada is renowned for its stunningly beautiful countryside, while Eastern Canada mixes the charm of Europe with the bustle of New York.
High Quality of Life
Canada is a safe, secure, peaceful, orderly and clean country. It has world-class infrastructure, some of the highest incomes, educational levels and life expectancies in the world, stable economic and social climate, strong industrial and technology base, abundant natural resources and has low population density.
Canada offers spectacular natural beauty. It has vast forests, mountains, three oceans, thousands of rivers, over 2 million lakes, vast fields coupled with sustainable development and protection of the environment.
Some of our largest cities (Montreal, Toronto, Calgary, Vancouver and Victoria) are frequently ranked amongst the “best” cities in the world – to visit and/or to live in. Toronto has been called “the most cosmopolitan place in the world”. Montreal has the largest concentration of French-speaking people outside of France.